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Ten Commandments
Ten commandments are also called Decalogue. They show the grace of God because despite nobody has not violated any of the ten, and deserves salvation, salvation is still given. It is like a chain with ten links that is in use in which if a link is broken, the chain fails. Ten commandments are still applicable today. Every Christian should try remember ten commandments. Ten commandments are given out of the love of God. Although keeping ten commandments is not a perequisite for salvation, it brings joy (Proverbs 29:18). It also lets people stay out of trouble. Wise people do not want to sin. A simple poster of Ten Commandments is available at the bottom of this article for printing.

Jesus summarized ten commandments into two main categories: loving God and loving people around (Matthew 22:37-39). In this article, the first category covers first to third commandment. The second category consists of fourth to tenth commandment (Romans 13:9) and can be followed by unbelievers. The word neighbour means people around.

Decalogue
Ten commandments:
  1. Believe in the one and only God.
  2. Do not idolize anything.
  3. Do not take the name of God in vain.
  4. Remember the rest day after six days of labour.
  5. Honour your father and your mother.
  6. Do not murder.
  7. Do not commit adultery.
  8. Do not steal.
  9. Do not bear falsehood.
  10. Do not covet.
In Chinese:
  1. 信獨一主。
  2. 勿立偶像。
  3. 勿妄主名。
  4. 週休一日。
  5. 行孝盡孝。
  6. 切勿謀殺。
  7. 切勿姦淫。
  8. 切勿偷盜。
  9. 切勿作假。
  10. 切勿貪婪。

Elaboration

The first commandment:
It is about believing in God only. Moral standard exists because God exists. Thus this commandment is the first. Example of violation:
1) Believing in no God.
2) Believing in other god, in the form of an idol or not.
3) Believing in God, but also believing in other god (2 Kings 17:33).

The second commandment:
Idols can be statues, or not. For Christian, it is about proper worship. Example of violation:
1) Making an idol for God (Exodus 20:23, Romans 1:23). It is also a blasphemy to portray indestructible God in a destructible idol.
2) Regarding something, such as own self or money as more important than God or morality.
3) Idolizing any person.
4) Taking advice from astrology. Zodiac sign itself is not superstition but astrology is.

The third commandment:
It is about not causing damage to God's reputation in terms of morality. Damaging God's name by wrongdoings is a type of blasphemy, showing lack of reverence towards God's name. Meanwhile, do not succumb to gratuitous pressure from people who twist around saying that unacceptance of certain immorality can damage God's name. Example of violation:
1) Claiming God has said something that God has not said, like what charlatans do. In other words, shaping God to suit his taste (e.g. to be less judgemental towards sin or diluting a sin to a mistake).
2) Performing misconduct as a Christian, a follower in the name of God, bringing dishonour on God or misrepresenting God (2 Samuel 12:14). This includes improper behaviour such as vulgar language, personal attack, gossiping and whining (1 Corinthians 10:10). Negative thinking indicates distrust towards God (Matthew 6:31-32).
3) Claiming own church as the only one true church among all churches.
4) Being legalistic towards others on matters that are not covered by ten commandments.

The fourth commandment:
It is about resting one day weekly. Sabbath means rest. God brought Israelites, who were slaves without a rest day, out of Egypt. Sunday is mostly accepted as a worship day because it is the day of Jesus' resurrection and Holy Spirit's descension. And it cannot be a worship day if it is not a rest day. Currently the norm of weekly rest day from work is Sunday so follow it to keep up the synergy. It is alright for a job to rest on another day if the work on Sunday is not only for money, but also for serving the society. Example of such jobs are fireman, nurse, police and utility technician. Avoid shopping on Sunday so that shopkeepers can take a rest too. Sundays for countries that have blue law are more relaxing. Wanting other people to work without a rest day a week violates this commandment. When a person does not rest one day after six days of labour, his health and family will be affected. Some, who misunderstand that this commandment is about Saturday, ignore it and uphold only nine commandments. While this commandment is not about Saturday, it is not about Sunday either. We are in no place to condemn other people who do not rest on the same day like we do. The Bible says to rest on the seventh day after six days of working so the rest day depends on which day on the week the work starts.

The fifth commandment:
Adam and Eve dishonoured their Father, God, and fell. Follow and agree with what the parents say as long as it does not conflict with any of the other nine commandments. If a person does not even honour parents, then he or she may not be able to love other people. Avoid worrying parents by not committing sin, in which trouble can prevented.

The sixth commandment:
Murder includes suicide and abortion. It does not include lawful killing for justice, such as soldier, policeman and capital punishment. While sinner should indeed receive punishment, hating other sinner as sinners ourselves is analogous to murder (Matthew 5:22, 1 John 3:15). Note that telling the sinner about his sin is not hatred, but love for the sinner or the sin victim.

The seventh commandment:
Adultery is any sexual contact outside marriage. When teaching kids about this commandment, one example is to say that we should always keep the clothes on when being with other people. Example of violation:
1) New marriage resulting from unjustified divorce.
2) Lusting in the heart (Matthew 5:28) or causing enticement to other person (2 Samuel 11:3).
3) Bestiality (Leviticus 18:23).
4) Premarital intimacy (1 Corinthians 7:2).

The eight commandment:
It is about rightful taking. The necessity of security device shows that many people fail to observe this commandment. Stealing food to feed family is a bad excuse. Example of violation besides obvious theft and robbery:
1) Habitually starting work late.
2) Incurring cost to company (e.g. phone call, printing) for non-business purpose without offering to pay back.
3) Using company Internet for non-business purpose. Most companies are tracking this. 4) Having unlicensed copy of music.
5) Occupying shopkeeper's time even though already setting out in mind before entering the shop not to consider buying at all at that shop.
6) Using other people's wireless network without permission.
7) Corruption.
8) Jumping the queue.

The ninth commandment:
This includes white lie. It is never right to lie. Obey God instead of lying to get away with something. Example of violation:
1) Unsure about something but still saying it as if it is truth. Make sure it is a fact before saying it.
2) Copying homework.

The tenth commandment:
This commandment deals with mind instead of action. Coveting can lead to violation of other commandments. David violated the tenth commandment when coveting Uriah's wife, and further violated the sixth commandment by getting Uriah murdered. Satan, Adam and Eve fell because of wanting to be like God. Gambling is coveting other people's money.

Verses where ten commandments are derived from

The first - Do:
Exodus 20:2 I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
Exodus 20:3 Thou shalt have no other gods before me.
Deuteronomy 5:6 I am the LORD thy God, which brought thee out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage.
Deuteronomy 5:7 Thou shalt have none other gods before me.

The second - Don't:
Exodus 20:4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth:
Exodus 20:5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;
Exodus 20:6 And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.
Deuteronomy 5:8 Thou shalt not make thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the waters beneath the earth:
Deuteronomy 5:9 Thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me,
Deuteronomy 5:10 And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me and keep my commandments.

The third - Don't:
Exodus 20:7 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.
Deuteronomy 5:11 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain: for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.

The fourth - Do:
Exodus 20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
Exodus 20:9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:
Exodus 20:10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:
Exodus 20:11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
Deuteronomy 5:12 Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee.
Deuteronomy 5:13 Six days thou shalt labour, and do all thy work:
Deuteronomy 5:14 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thine ox, nor thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates; that thy manservant and thy maidservant may rest as well as thou.
Deuteronomy 5:15 And remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and that the LORD thy God brought thee out thence through a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm: therefore the LORD thy God commanded thee to keep the sabbath day.

The fifth - Do:
Exodus 20:12 Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
Deuteronomy 5:16 Honour thy father and thy mother, as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee; that thy days may be prolonged, and that it may go well with thee, in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.

The sixth - Don't:
Exodus 20:13 Thou shalt not kill.
Deuteronomy 5:17 Thou shalt not kill.

The seventh - Don't:
Exodus 20:14 Thou shalt not commit adultery.
Deuteronomy 5:18 Neither shalt thou commit adultery.

The eighth - Don't:
Exodus 20:15 Thou shalt not steal.
Deuteronomy 5:19 Neither shalt thou steal.

The ninth - Don't:
Exodus 20:16 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
Deuteronomy 5:20 Neither shalt thou bear false witness against thy neighbour.

The tenth - Don't:
Exodus 20:17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's.
Deuteronomy 5:21 Neither shalt thou desire thy neighbour's wife, neither shalt thou covet thy neighbour's house, his field, or his manservant, or his maidservant, his ox, or his ass, or any thing that is thy neighbour's.

Download: Ten commandments poster or Chinese version
Posted: 2015-02-19; updated: 2016-07-06 by Ong Seng Aun.
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